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Read Write Inc.

Read, Write, Inc is the phonic scheme that we use to teach reading and spelling in Early Years and Key Stage One. We have chosen Read, Write, Inc because we want our children to learn to read as quickly as possible, and then read widely and become lifelong readers.

This video, taken from the Ruth Miskin website, explains the scheme in more detail:



In Reception all children will learn how to ‘read’ the sounds in words and how those sounds can be written down.

The children:
• learn 44 sounds and the corresponding letters/letter groups using simple picture prompts – see below
• learn to read words using Fred talk and sound blending
• read from a range of storybooks and non-fictions books matched to their phonic knowledge
• work well with partners
• develop comprehension skills in stories by answering 'Find It' and 'Prove It' discussion questions

The children:
• learn to write and form the letters/letter groups which represent the 44 sounds with the help of fun phrases
• learn to write words by using Fred Talk
• learn to build sentences by practising sentences out loud before they write

The children: work in pairs so that they:
• answer every question
• practise every activity with their partner
• take turns in talking and reading to each other
• develop ambitious vocabulary

Year One and Year Two
Children continue to follow the same format as Reception but will work on complex sounds and read books appropriate to their reading level. In year two, once children are fluent readers and completed the RWI phonics they move onto RWI Spelling.


The children are taught the sounds in 3 sets.

Click the video below to hear how we pronounce our sounds to enable us to read.


Set 1 Sounds are taught in the following order together with rhymes to help children form the letters correctly and instantly recognise sounds ready for blending.

m a s d t i n p g o c k u b f e l h r j v y w z x 

The following sounds in set 1 are called ‘special friends’, two letters that make one sound. 

sh th chq u ng nk

Step 2:
The children are then taught Set 2 Sounds - the long vowels. In this order:

ay ee igh ow oo o oar or air ir ou oy

When they are very confident with all of set 1 and 2 they are taught Set 3 Sounds. In this order:

ea oi a-e i-e o-e u-e aw are ur er ow ai oa ew ire ear ure tion tious/cious

Click the link below for a PDF of each sound and their phrase.

All Sound Mat


Nonsense words (Alien words) 

As well as learning to read and blend real words children will have plenty of opportunities to apply their sound recognition skills on reading ‘Nonsense words’. These words will also feature heavily in the Year One Phonics Screening check in the summer term.



Step 3 Reading 

Within all the books children will have red and green words to learn to help them to become speedy readers.

Red words are words that are not easily decodable and challenge words to extend children’s vocabulary.

Green words are linked to the sounds they have been learning and are easily decodable.


Fred the frog only talks in sounds. He helps children read unfamiliar words by pronouncing each sound in the word one at a time. Children can start blending sounds into words as soon as they know a small group of letters well. Fred is used in all of our sessions.




In each group, children focus on a story based on their reading level. They complete a variety of activities that involve developing spelling, editing and comprehension skills.


Step 4 Spelling 

Children will ‘Fred fingers’ to first sound out a word before they write it down. Children learn how to spell rather than just get tested. This way of teaching spellings allows children to use Fred fingers independently whenever they get stuck with spelling a word. Children pinch each sound on fingers before writing the word.


fred fingers